HEREIN System

European Heritage Policies

Thesaurus English Terms A-Z

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P R S T U V W
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The staff and services of the state or administrative authority.

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Administration and/or government aimed at meeting community needs.

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All services of the European Union.

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All state services consisting of the government departments (services, offices, establishments and other organizations) with nationwide jurisdiction.

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All government departments, services, offices, establishments and other organizations classified as belonging to the institutional sector of public administrations.

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Local services responsible for implementing national policies, directed by the Government Offices for the regions.

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Groups of public services directed by a minister. Each government department comprises a central administration controlled by a ministerial private office and services located wherever it conducts its activities.

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The government department for agriculture prepares and implements government policy in the agricultural field.

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The government department for culture prepares and implements government policy in the field of the national and regional cultural heritage, contemporary creation, culture and art.

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The government department for education prepares and implements government policy on universal access to knowledge and on the development and assessment of knowledge in education.

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The government department for economics, finance and industry prepares and implements government policy in the economic, financial, budgetary, tax and consumer fields.

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The government department for public works prepares and implements government policy in the field of public construction and infrastructure works.

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The government department for spatial planning and the environment prepares and implements government policy in the fields of spatial planning, environment and management of natural areas and resources.

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Non-state administrations are administered by directly elected bodies referred to as local administrations.

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Public-law corporations run by elected councils, with specific responsibilities within their own territory. The expression local administration is often used indiscriminately for municipalities, counties/departments, regions and overseas territories.

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Public-law territorial authorities holding political autonomy and various legislative powers, with their own subordinate administrative bodies. Each autonomous community may comprise one or more provinces.

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The administrative body that has responsibility for a region

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An elected administrative body, and the staff employed by it, supplying services to a local community corresponding to the English county.

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A local authority combining and replacing the functions formally served by county and district councils in a given area

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An elected administrative body, and the staff employed by it, supplying services to a town

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Bodies consisting of diverse members who may be asked for advice or opinions on a given subject and can take part in discussions.

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Services which are responsible for the various elements of the planning process, either at local or national level, from the definition of regional development policy or regional planning to the establishment of documents or regulations relating to town planning.

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Heritage services are responsible for recording, protecting, conserving and publicising the national cultural, historical, archaeological, architectural, ethnological and artistic heritage.

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Services are responsible for liaising with the national authorities and bodies responsible for archaeology with a view to studying, protecting, conserving and enhancing the national archaeological heritage.

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Agencies which ensure the protection and conservation of buildings and movable items of historical, artistic or scientific interest.

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These services promote the work of museums and are responsible for the purchase, conservation, protection, restoration, and study of museum collections and the presentation of the collections to the public

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Voluntary groups of individuals concluding informal agreements with a view to pooling resources and setting up an organization aimed either at defending or promoting specific interests or at exercising influence in community life.

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Voluntary groups of individuals pooling resources and setting up an organization aimed either at defending or promoting knowledge, protection and enhancement of the heritage.

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Institutions financing non-profit-making activities in the public interest.

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Groups of individuals (possibly with a specific legal status) who share certain interests and who use various means to induce the public authorities to take account of such interests.

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Scientific research or higher education bodies or establishments.

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Non-profit-making associations, groups or societies working in a specific field.

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Charitable trusts enable young volunteers, either paid or unpaid, to spend part of their free time working on excavation or restoration sites in the sphere of monumental or archaeological heritage conservation.

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Institutes or organizations, either public or private, involved in the management and promotion of culture

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Public or private organizations providing professional or technical advice

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Organizations, legally constituted, and subject to private-law regulations.

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Corporations made up of members of specific professions.

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Bodies which hold legal status and are partly or wholly subject to public-law regulations.

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Organizations independent of national or international administrations operating in the public interest or in the humanitarian field.

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Organizations recognized under international law and usually comprising of members from more than one state.

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21 States Parties to the World Heritage Conventionmake up the World Heritage Committee in accordance with Article 8 (1) of the Convention (UNESCO 1972). The intergovernmental World Heritage Committee meets once each year.

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An international non-governmental body, founded in 1965, as a result of the international adoption of the Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites. ICOMOS, the International Council of Monuments and Sites, is UNESCO's main advisor in matters concerning the conservation and protection of monuments and sites. It seeks to establish international standards for the preservation, restoration, and management of the cultural environment; to work for the adoption and implementation of international conventions on the conservation and enhancement of architectural heritage and to constitute an international network of professionals and conservation specialists

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An intergovernmental organization, an active partner to UNESCO. It occupies a unique position in being the only institution with a worldwide mandate to promote the conservation of both movable and immovable heritage in all its forms. It provides expert advice, organizes training sessions for specialists. ICCROM, The International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property, aims at improving the quality of conservation as well as raising people's awareness of it in all walks of life, schoolchildren and politicians alike. It aspires, through conservation, to make cultural heritage benefit humanity.

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UNESCOês advisory body regarding natural heritage. IUCN, the World Conservation Union, is a global alliance for conservation and protecting the environment. It brings together governments and national agencies as well as national and international non-governmental organizations concerned with environmental issues. Its mission is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.

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The European Union (EU) was set up after the 2nd World War. The EU has 15 Member States. In 2004 it will be enlarged to 10 central, eastern and southern European countries and is preparing for the accession of further candidates countries.EU is neither a new State replacing existing ones nor is it comparable to other international organisations. Its Member States delegate sovereignty to common institutions representing the interests of the Union as a whole on questions of joint interest. All decisions and procedures are derived from the basic treaties ratified by the Member States.Principal objectives of the Union are: Establish European citizenship (Fundamental rights; Freedom of movement; Civil and political rights); Ensure freedom, security and justice (Cooperation in the field of Justice and Home Affairs); Promote economic and social progress (Single market; Euro, the common currency; Job creation; Regional development; Environmental protection); Assert Europe's role in the world (Common foreign and security)The EU is run by five institutions, each playing a specific role: European Parliament (elected by the peoples of the Member States); Council of the Union (composed of the governments of the Member States); European Commission (driving force and executive body); Court of Justice (compliance with the law); Court of Auditors (sound and lawful management of the EU budget).

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The Council of Europe is an intergovernmental organisation in Strasbourg which comprises 45 democratic countries of Europe. Its aims are the following : to protect human rights, pluralist democracy and the rule of law; to promote awareness and encourage the development of Europe's cultural identity and diversity;to seek solutions to problems facing European societyto help consolidate democratic stability in Europe by backing political, legislative and constitutional reform. The Council of Europe should not be confused with the European Union. The two organisations are quite distinct. The European Union states, however, are all members of the Council of Europe.

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The Committee of Ministers is the Council of Europe's decision-making body. It comprises the foreign affairs ministers of all the member states, or their permanent diplomatic representatives in Strasbourg. It is both a governmental body, where national approaches to problems facing European society can be discussed on an equal footing, and a collective forum, where Europe-wide responses to such challenges are formulated. In collaboration with the Parliamentary Assembly, it is the guardian of the Council's fundamental values, and monitors member states' compliance with their undertakings

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Responsible for reinforcing, developing and harmonising heritage enhancement policies in Europe by means of the Convention on the Protection of the Architectural Heritage and the Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage, which provide the legal framework for international co-operation.

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People or organizations who are given the right to use a cultural property by the state

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The profession of town planner provides the authorities with support and expertise in the fields of planning/development, architecture, heritage and landscape at all State and territorial levels.

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Technical experts appointed to provide an opinion on a matter on which they are competent or qualified to pronounce.

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The agents of a public authority

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From the legal point of view, the finder of an archaeological site or a set of archaeological remains is the individual having discovered it.

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People or organizations defining the programme, commissioning the construction or restoration work and ensuring the financing of the whole project.

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People or organizations mandated by the contracting authorities to design and supervise the performance of the works and to deliver and invoice the completed project.

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People or organizations providing non-recoverable financial support for a cultural work.

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People or organizations financing the construction of real property.

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People or organizations owning an item of property.

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People or organizations owning property under private law.

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Organizations owning property under public law.

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Experts in the field of history

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Experts in the field of the history and development of art and artistic techinques and in some countries architecture

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Experts in the study of the history and development of architecture and the analysis of buildings

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People or organizations who willingly offer their services without regard for financial or other reward

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Property presenting an historic, artistic, scientific or technical interest.

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In order to be listed, an item of property must present historic, artistic, scientific or technical qualities such as to warrant protection in the public interest.

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This term originated in the concept of immovable property (items that cannot be moved) in contrast to movable assets. A distinction is drawn between fixtures, ie objects which are immovable by nature (constructions) and fittings, ie items immovable on the basis of their purpose (attached to fixtures).

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Fixtures include: items which are necessary for closing off and covering a building, eg windows, doors, shutters, roofing, etc; items forming floors and ceiling, whether decorated or not, eg parquet floors, tiling, etc; items incorporated into the walls, eg murals, wallpaper, etc; and items built into the walls during construction, eg original timberwork and chimneys.

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There are two types of fittings:- movable objects which the owner has permanently fixed to the real estate but which can revert to movable status at any time (–movable objects set in plaster, lime or cement, or where they cannot be detached without breakage or other damage or without damaging the part of the real estate to which they are fixed”);- movable items placed in the real estate by the owner for servicing and operational purposes.

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A building is a structure or group of structures used for the same purpose and constructed on a single, unified plot of land.

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Buildings presenting sufficient historic, artistic, scientific or technical interest to warrant special protection or conservation measures.

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In order to be listed, a building must present historic, artistic, scientific or technical qualities such as to warrant protection in the public interest.

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Buildings that present obvious historic, artistic or technical interest but do not warrant maximum protection, viz listing.

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Buildings that are no longer used.

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Places used for celebrating religious ceremonies.

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Buildings, or monuments which are open to the public. They are usually under the guardianship of a national body, local government organization or charity, for example Stonehenge, but may also be privately owned.

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Any work of particular historic, archaeological, artistic, scientific, social or technical interest, including any installations or decorative elements forming an integral part of such work.

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Any construction, work of art, amenity or installation which is considered worth conserving or protecting because of its historic or aesthetic value.

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Buildings that have been severely damaged or destroyed.

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Those items that could be transported/moved without detriment to the immovable object in which they are contained.

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Objects presenting sufficient historic, artistic, scientific or technical interest to warrant special protection or conservation measures.

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In order to be listed, an object must present historic, artistic, scientific or technical qualities such as to warrant protection in the public interest.

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Objects that present obvious historic, artistic or technical interest but do not warrant maximum protection, viz listing.

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Artifacts produced according to artistic techniques and, by extension, any objects recognized for their aesthetic and artistic values.

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All objects, structures and samples (environmental, dating etc.) recovered or found during archaeological investigations. Includes surface finds from fieldwalking as well as in situ remains.

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Objects discovered either during archaeological excavations or by chance.

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Elements presenting sufficient historic, artistic, scientific or technical interest to warrant special protection or conservation measures.

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In order to be listed, an element must present historic, artistic, scientific or technical qualities such as to warrant protection in the public interest.

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Elements that present obvious historic, artistic or technical interest but do not warrant maximum protection, viz listing.

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Elements that formed an integral part of an artistic, historic or religious monument before its was dismantled.

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Fixtures or architectural elements constituting the ornamentation or decor of a building

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Physical remains providing historical evidence of the past.

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Remains of human activity or presence deemed of importance to the history of humanity.

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Groups of ancient buildings of historic architectural interest in an urban or rural environment which have retained their coherency and which warrant protection as they stand. Such sites and monuments may embrace a wide variety of spatial entities ranging from an urban block or neighbourhood to an entire town or village.

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Places of military confrontation which may still comprise vestiges of the battle (trenches, casemates, shell holes, etc), usually accompanied by one or more commemorative sites, monuments or other evidence of the past.

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Centres of ancient but developing towns. Some historic centres are confined to a few symbolic monuments, while others more or less correspond to the whole urban area. This recent concept can cover a wide variety of realities, particularly in the case of large cities with influences dating back to many different periods of history and with fragmented historical remains; in such cases even 19th-century areas may legitimately be deemed historic.

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An historic garden is a combination of architectural elements and plants which is of public interest in historical and artistic terms, and therefore warrants monument status. The definition of historic garden covers both modest-sized gardens and elaborate or landscaped parks.

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The regulations on listed wooded areas are aimed at ensuring the preservation of existing woodlands and forests.

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Areas embracing farmlands and rural community settlements.

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Structured areas that may be public or private and comprise planted or potted vegetation.

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Archaeological landscapes are natural areas surrounding and incorporating known archaeological sites. They provide the wider context for each individual site and when viewed as a single landscape give a better representation of the heritage of the area.

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Places where something that had previously been hidden, concealed, unknown or disregarded is discovered.

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Sites or natural locations known to contain archaeological material that can be studied using archaeological techniques. The area may have been investigated using destructive or non-destructive techniques and can include underwater sites.

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Specific topographically delimited parts of the landscape, formed by various combinations of human and natural agencies, which illustrate the evolution of human society , ist settlement and character in time and space and which have acquired socially and culturally recognized values at various territorial levels, because of the presence of physical remains, reflecting past land use and activities, skills or distinctive traditions, or depiction in literary and artistic works, or the fact that historic events took place there.

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Landscapes characterized by dense, large-scale construction and a concentration of rail and road infrastructures.

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National parks are managed by public bodies and are aimed at: preserving an exceptional natural and cultural heritage, making it accessible to the public, contributing to the economic, social and cultural development of the region around the park, and taking part in scientific research into the natural heritage.

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Geographic areas subject to a system of regional protection and regulations on the activities conducted in these areas, owing to their special interest and natural and/or cultural assets.

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Nature reserves are areas in the territory of one or more municipalities where special protection measures are enforced in order to conserve animal or plant species or natural habitats of particular scientific interest (especially for threatened species). Public access is restricted or regulated.

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Archaeological sites or groups of archaeological sites accessible to the public and interpreted and presented so as to inform. In some countries, they can be governed by specific regulations.

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Areas which have been fashioned by a combination of natural and human influences, are partly built-up, constitute a sufficiently identifiable and homogeneous whole for full topographical delimitation, and present exceptional historical, archaeological, artistic, scientific, social or technical interest.

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Any area containing remains conducive to archaeological reconstitution of the past.

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Locations chosen for founding a town or establishing a human settlement.

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Areas containing buildings and transport infrastructure

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Sites in which geographical, climatic or environmental factors predominate over the effects of human development, settlements or other activities.

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Sites presenting sufficient historic, artistic, scientific or technical interest to warrant special protection or conservation measures.

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Sites presenting sufficient archaeological interest to warrant special protection or conservation measures.

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Listed immovable monuments or national parks presenting sufficient interest for national culture, accepted by the President of the Polish Republic, after the nominations made by the Minister of culture.

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A special preservation regime, known as a reserve, specified for groups cultural heritage items or parts of them, deemed to be of •national significanceê. The rules and regulations governing this regime provide the highest level of preservation.

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In order to be declared a World Heritage Site, a monument or site must be authentic and have had a major influence on or provide unique evidence of a human civilization. The site is deemed to be part of the world heritage if it is associated with ideas or beliefs of universal scope. In order to be declared a natural World Heritage Site, the site or landscape must be representative of a stage in the earthês geological or biological evolution. It may also be of exceptional natural beauty.

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Places where ships have run aground.

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Sites which are preserved or maintained because of their association with a particular person or historic event.

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the field of heritage

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of anthropology

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of archaeology

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of art

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of botany

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Items that are of special interest because of their associations with a specific culture

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of ecology

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of ethnography

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of folklore

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of history

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of the history of industry and industrial archaeology

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of topography

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of palaeontology

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to their picturesque nature

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to their associations with a specific region

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study and history of the sciences

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Cultural items that are of special interest with regards to the study of technology and techniques

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All property inherited from the past, the common inheritance.

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The archaeological heritage comprises all material evidence of human presence and activities over the centuries (it is the sole evidence for periods before the invention of writing); such evidence is uncovered and interpreted by means of a number of operations, starting with excavations.

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Architectural heritage comprises the following permanent properties: monuments: all buildings and structures of conspicuous historical, archaeological, artistic, scientific, social or technical interest, including their fixtures and fittings;groups of buildings: homogeneous groups of urban or rural buildings conspicuous for their historical, archaeological, artistic, scientific, social or technical interest which are sufficiently coherent to form topographically definable units;sites: the combined works of man and nature, being areas which are partially built upon and sufficiently distinctive and homogeneous to be topographically definable and are of conspicuous historical, archaeological, artistic, scientific, social or technical interest (Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe, Granada 1985)

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All documents conserved on any kind of medium in specialized departments.

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This type of heritage comprises monuments (buildings and structures), including fixtures and decorative elements forming an integral part of these monuments, architectural complexes (in urban or rural settings) and sites. It may also include the traditional setting or environs of a monument (protected areas) or of various sectors (zones), and historic towns and districts in urban and rural built-up areas that are homogeneous and/or distinctive in nature.

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The entire corpus of material signs _ either artistic or symbolic _ handed on by the past to each culture and, therefore, to the whole of humankind. As a constituent part of the affirmation and enrichment of cultural identities, as a legacy belonging to all humankind, the cultural heritage gives each particular place its recognisable features and is the storehouse of human experience.

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All documents on any kind of medium conserved in libraries.

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That part of heritage relating to the study of humankind in the broadest sense

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Forms part of anthropological heritage; those movable and immovable objects and all the knowledge and activities which are or have been outstanding expression of the traditional culture from the material, social or spiritual point of view

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All the places, buildings, vessels, objects, rites and traditions which together comprise, document and illustrate the social and economic history of mankind's use of rivers and navigable waterways.

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The concept of historic heritage has radically changed: it now ranges from prehistoric times to the 20th century and has embraced new fields of investigation such as the industrial, rural, trade and other heritages.

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The intangible heritage might be defined as embracing all forms of traditional and popular or folk culture, i.e. collective works originating in a given community and based on tradition. These creations are transmitted orally or by gesture, and are modified over a period of time through process of collective recreation. They include oral traditions, customs, languages, music, dance, rituals, festivities, traditional medicine and pharmacopoeia, the culinary arts and all kinds of special skills connected with the material aspects of culture, such as tools and the habitat. (Source UNESCO)

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That part of the heritage concerned with human intellectual and spiritual activities. It includes high cultural, artisitc and scientific achievements as well as ones linked to the national cultural identity such as music and literature.

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All the places, buildings, objects, and know-how which together comprise, document and illustrate the history and development of the industrial world.

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All the places, buildings, vessels, objects, rites and traditions which together comprise, document and illustrate the social, economic and military history of mankind's relationship with the sea.

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All the places, buildings, objects, rites and traditions which together comprise, document and illustrate the history and development of the military services.

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That part of the heritage which can be transported. (Includes objects and works of art but does not include monuments or buildings)

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The concept of monumental heritage, which was long confined to the traditional historic heritage (castles, cathedrals, palaces, abbeys, etc), has been gradually extended to cover all categories of buildings from all periods of history which the community has decided must be conserved, including industrial buildings, railway stations, cinemas, hotels, caves housing prehistoric paintings, archaeological remains, etc.

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All ecological, geographical and zoological elements of scientific and historic interest for promoting the conservation of animal or plant species or of natural habitats.

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All painted, engraved or carved representations on rock surfaces in caves and open-air sites, dating back in particular to the Palaeolithic era.

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All geographic areas, manmade or natural, which present a special interest

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All the documents, photographs, objects and know-how which together comprise, document and illustrate the history and development of photography.

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Immovable objects or sites presenting sufficient historic, artistic, scientific or technical interest to warrant special protection or conservation measures.

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All the places, buildings, objects, rites and traditions which together comprise, document and illustrate the history and development of religion.

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All the landscapes, settlements, buildings, objects and know-how which together comprise, document and illustrate the history and development of the countryside.

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All the places, buildings, objects and know-how which together comprise, document and illustrate the history and development of science.

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All the places, buildings, objects and know-how which together comprise, document and illustrate the history and development of technology.

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All the places, buildings, objects and know-how which together comprise, document and illustrate the history and development of urban settlement.

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All methods and facilities used for storing and disseminating documentation.

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All documents on any type of medium, as well as the fact of collecting, analysing, retrieving and disseminating these documents.

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Archives comprise all documents on any type of medium, produced or received by a public or private body and sorted, inventoried, organized and stored with a view to possible future use.

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Heritage archives comprise all documents relating to the heritage field on any type of medium, produced or received by a public or private body and sorted, inventoried, organized and stored with a view to possible future use.

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Material produced by the methodical collection and processing of documents and data for information purposes (professionals or general public).

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Application of scientific knowledge to the design of information techniques, products and systems facilitating the creation, storage and utilization of information.

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Software providing database facilities for securing graphic representations of individual geographical areas.

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Groupings of various bodies co-operating on collecting documents and/or data, processing or transforming them and disseminating or providing access to them. Such co-operation may be based on formal or informal agreements covering a variety of functions along the document production line.

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Groupings of specialized bodies, documentation centres or libraries pursuing similar aims in the cultural heritage field and engaging in co-operation on data creation, updating and dissemination.

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A set of publicly accessible data on a specific subject, together with the programmes for retrieving information from the base and creating, consulting and amending data.

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Conversion of an analog document into a digital file using hardware and software (scanners, photoshop etc.)

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Centres run by information professionals and storing various types of documents. They are open to the public for consultation of documents. Documentation centres are usually part of an organization or administration, rather than operating completely independently.

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Maps showing all the cultural assets studied or protected by administrations responsible for the heritage. The items may be displayed systematically or in accordance with specific criteria.

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All documents relating to the heritage

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All photographic documents relating to a cultural property.

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Documentary files comprising a monograph and various graphic documents on monuments to be protected. This file provides information on the state of conservation, the surrounding areas and present and future uses of the monument.

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Cartographic representation of the whole national territory, divided up according to municipality and land ownership.

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Lists of terms set out according to theme in such a way as to rationalize indexing and facilitate searches in document sets.

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Inventories pursue the two complementary aims of information and classification. They enable property items to be identified and located by means of lists, indexes or maps.

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Schedules of monuments are computerized inventories of archaeological sites facilitating cartographic restitution. They serve both as land management facilities for developers and as sources of information for researchers.

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National inventories pursue the two complementary aims of documentation and classification. They are computerized, comply with a series of scientific analytical principles and cover both the architectural heritage and movable property.

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Inventories dealing with a section of the national territory and conducted by local authorities or private operators.

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Heritage inventories dealing exclusively with specific themes (eg industrial heritage).

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Within the national inventory, a topographical inventory is a study based on an exhaustive approach to the heritage of a given study area (in France, the canton).

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Annual or long-term programme of thematic and topographical studies conducted under the national inventory.

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UNESCO set up the World Heritage Committee in 1977 in order to complement and support the efforts of individual states to enhance the most prestigious monuments and sites in their national heritage. It decides on the inclusion, in the World Heritage List, of those monuments proposed by individual states and supported by three advisory bodies -The International Council of Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), the World Conservation Union (IUCN); and the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM)

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The Committee requests each State Party to submit to it a tentative list of properties which it intends to nominate for inscription to the World Heritage List during the following five to ten years. This tentative list will constitute the "inventory" (provided for in Article 11 of the Convention) of the cultural and natural properties situated within the territory of each State Party and which it considers suitable for inclusion in the World Heritage List. The purpose of these tentative lists is to enable the Committee to evaluate within the widest possible context the "outstanding universal value" of each property nominated to the List.

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Terms used to represent specific legal concepts, such as laws or policies.The act of carrying out a policy would be in group Interventions.

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Formal documents or procedures used as a means of organization or control and supported by the power of law

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Formal documents or procedures used on an international scale as a means of organization or control and supported by the power of the law.

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Written documents made by professionals outlining guidelines and recommendations related to a particular subject, for example heritage conservation

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Agreements which are observed although they do not have the force of law.

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Acts of the Council which, although not envisaged in the list given in article 249 of the treaty of Amsterdam, can have legal effects determined in the relations between the European Union and the Member States as well as in the relationship between institutions

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Formally concluded and ratified agreements or compacts usually between two or more states.

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Formal documents or procedures used on a European Scale as a means of organization or control and supported by the power of the law of european bodies.

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Customary acts taken by a body of the European Communities (Commission or the Council) and obligatory in all its elements for the recipients whom they designate (Treaty of Amsterdam, article 249)

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In the Community legislation, acts of general interest, obligatory in all their elements and directly applicable in any Member State.

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Standards enacted to control certain questions or to regulate certain behaviors. (as developments of european regulations or directives)

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Acts of the Council or the Commission asking the recipients to follow a behaviour given without binding them (Treaty of Amsterdam, article 243)

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Formal documents or procedures used on a national scale as a means of organization or control and supported by the power of the law.

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Edicts given by a civil or ecclesiastical body producing decisions which have the force of law.

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Rules, whether formally enacted or customary, which a particular state or community recognizes as governing the actions of its subjects or members and which it may enforce by imposing penalties.

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Rules and regulations providing the legal framework for the regulation of development and the use of land in the public interest.

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Laws and regulations governing the terms to be implied in certain contracts by the state or a public body.

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Regulations formulated by the government or administration to control the flow and exchange of goods in a society.

Scope note:

A system of procedures and mechanisms, including laws and development plans, that guarantee the rational planning and development, the preservation of the built and natural environment (including cultural heritage), the sustainable development and the regulation and control of land use in the public interest.

Scope note:

The processes, statutes and regulations undertaken for all types of development in rural and urban areas.

Scope note:

The processes, statutes and regulations undertaken for all types of development in rural areas.

Scope note:

Schemes consisting of written statement and maps, drawn up by a central or local authority and including policies concerning the conservation of cultural heritage, natural beauty and amenity of the land; the improvement of the physical environment and the management of traffic. These are divided into various types depending on the planning system of each country.

Scope note:

The process of designing and controlling development in a geographically defined region.

Scope note:

A programme of action designed to advise on the way in which the natural and physical world can be protected through decisions made by local authorities or national governments.

Scope note:

The attempt to prevent exposure to the chance of injury or loss.

Scope note:

A series of constraints aimed at regulating development and growth in a geographical area, often under the auspices of a local authority.

Scope note:

Continuous assessment of a cultural item with regards to its preservation, including the observation of the objectsê condition, taking into account the various influences and their consequences as well as outlining certain measures for preservation.

Scope note:

Documents entitling an individual, company or group to carry out development on a plot of land, changes to a building or landscape or demolition of a construction, issued by a planning authority.

Scope note:

Permits which allow building work to commence or to be carried out.

Scope note:

Permits necessary for the demolition of a monument, building or edifice.

Scope note:

Rules governing the erection or use of a building according to pre-set criteria.

Scope note:

An agreed length of time in a formal consultation in which the community concerned by the proposed project is given to express its opinion.

Scope note:

Requests, normally to a local authority, for an individual or organization to gain consent in order to undertake works which will involve physical changes to a property or the landscape.

Scope note:

Initial or preparatory licences issued by an administrative body allowing an individual or organization to carry out an action.

Scope note:

A halt called to work, being undertaken on a building or site, by an administrative body.

Scope note:

The processes whereby the general community is given the opportunity to express an opinion on proposals relating to town and country planning

Scope note:

The length of time the general community is given to express its opinion about matters relating to planning policies or propositions.

Scope note:

Authorizations given, in exceptional situations, to an individual or organization in which work has to be sanctioned by an administrative body before being carried out.

Scope note:

Acts or actions preventing work, on a building or site, from being carried out.

Scope note:

Planning with a spatial, or geographical component, in which the general objective is to provide for a spatial structure of activities (or of land uses) which in some way is better than the pattern existing.

Scope note:

Documents concerned with the preservation and conservation of cultural heritage within an area designated by an administrative body.

Scope note:

Documents, usually developed by a local authority, relating to the use of land within its area of jurisdiction.

Scope note:

A group of specific rules applicable in a given perimeter constituting a conservation area

Scope note:

The control, conservation and enhancement of cultural heritage for the benefit of future generations.

Scope note:

Matters or subjects legally attributed to the authority responsible for them.

Scope note:

Distribution of the responsibilities on a matter between the different public administrations.

Scope note:

Organizations, often of national or regional importance, with the responsibility to enforce legislation and to make strategic decisions.

Scope note:

For each public authority the geographical area in which it has the power to exercise its authority in relation to certain subject areas.

Scope note:

For a public authority, the ability, to be able to delegate certain of its powers of responsibility to another authority.

Scope note:

A way of contracting public tenders by allowing the administration to choose from a variety of sub-contractors which are in competition for the tender.

Scope note:

Formal offers made by one party to another, usually offering money and technical expertise for the completion of works or research.

Scope note:

Tenders which all the parties interested in fulfilling the contract can apply.

Scope note:

Tenders which are only open to one party chosen by the contracting authority.

Scope note:

Tenders which are only open to a selection of contractors previously chosen by the contracting authority.

Scope note:

An advertised, general request for which parties can apply to submit estimates, for a contract of work, which can be assessed, selected and then paid for.

Scope note:

The assessment of several offers to undertake a particular task or contract and the selection of a tender.

Scope note:

All procedures guaranteeing the preservation of cultural heritage

Scope note:

Properties which are deemed to be of sufficient interest to benefit from measures of protection or conservation.

Scope note:

The various types of protection afforded to cultural heritage items by legislation.

Scope note:

The implied or tacit preservation and safeguarding of a cultural object or item.

Scope note:

A measure of protection conferring a limited level of protection to cultural heritage item.

Scope note:

In the United Kingdom, the process by which buildings are included and graded for inclusion in the List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest according to pre set criteria. Inclusion on the List means that the building is afforded a certain degree of legal protection from alteration or demolition.

Scope note:

A series of rules and regulations issued by a local authority for the conservation, safety and protection of cultural heritage in their area of jurisdiction.

Scope note:

Temporary measures for protection of a cultural heritage item. This usually includes some form of listing or other simplified procedure.

Scope note:

Regulations governing those cultural items which are deemed to have special significance due to their uniqueness with regards to its location, origin, nature or titleholder.

Scope note:

The legal power according to statute whereby an entity, usually a building or monument, is given protection from development or alteration which may be detrimental to its condition or character.

Scope note:

A state of protection whereby the total extent of a building, monument or artefact cannot be altered or affected by development.

Scope note:

The administrative procedure bestowing legal protection on a cultural heritage item

Scope note:

The processes whereby a person or organization may appeal against a legislative or other official decision.

Scope note:

An application requesting that a cultural heritage item should receive legal protection.

Scope note:

In Spain, procedure whereby a movable, or immovable, cultural property attains the highest level of legal protection.

Scope note:

Programmes which propose the conservation and protection of sites, buildings, monuments or artefacts of cultural interest.

Scope note:

Suspension of legal protection which follows the removal of a cultural heritage item from a corresponding list or register.

Scope note:

The expansion of the boundary of the area of legal protection of a structure, building or site.

Scope note:

The processes whereby a cultural heritage item may be afforded immediate legal protection.

Scope note:

An Act of Law that grants official protection to a building, site or a tree and declares its status as a listed building or tree.

Scope note:

A measure of legal protection of an area of the landscape.

Scope note:

A measure of specific legal protection applicable to an area of the coastline, in some cases it can also include the shorelines of lakes.

Scope note:

A measure of specific legal protection applicable to mountain regions.

Scope note:

The procedure whereby any work on listed buildings is constrained and monitored by governmental or local authority rules.

Scope note:

Special permission, different from the planning licence, that must be obtained before conducting any conservation, intervention work or change of use of a listed building or a scheduled monument.

Scope note:

Rules and regulations defined in legislation as a result of the protection of a cultural heritage item.

Scope note:

Regulations enforcing the restoration of a worn or damaged cultural heritage item to an unimpaired condition.

Scope note:

A body of law covering the compulsory implementation of planning decisions made by the government or an administrative body.

Scope note:

A document issued by a local authority enforcing the compulsory implementation of a planning decision by an individual or organization.

Scope note:

The punishment imposed by an administration on an individual or organization that contravenes a law.

Scope note:

The punishment imposed by a court on an individual or organization that contravenes a law.

Scope note:

Monetary penalties imposed on an individual or an organization that has broken a law or regulation.

Scope note:

All measures of protection afforded to the cultural remains associated with the past, whether above or below ground or underwater, achieved as a result of legislation.

Scope note:

Documents granting an archaeologist or archaeological unit the right to undertake an excavation.

Scope note:

A series of constraints aimed at regulating the excavation of archaeological sites

Scope note:

All measures of protection afforded to built, monumental or archaeological remains ensuring conservation in situ.

Scope note:

Areas afforded one or more of those levels of protection which relate to the cultural heritage.

Scope note:
Scope note:

Designated area surrounding a cultural heritage item, within which works cannot be undertaken without administrative authorization.

Scope note:

A garden, yard, field or other piece of ground lying near or belonging to a house and its outbuildings.

Scope note:

Contractual procedures between the State and one or more communes making it possible to take into account the architectural, urban and landscape heritage in the documents of town planning.

Scope note:

The protection of portable artefacts and works of art achieved as a result of legislation.

Scope note:

A veto on the transference of goods or materials from one country to another.

Scope note:

Documents permitting the transference of goods or materials from one country to another.

Scope note:

The transference for a limited period only of goods or items, normally between one country and another.

Scope note:

An item, or items, belonging to an individual or organization often in the form of objects, buildings or land.

Scope note:

An object, building, or area of land which is in the possession of a private individual or organization.

Scope note:
Scope note:

Objects, buildings or areas of land owned and maintained on behalf of the public by local, regional or national government organizations.

Scope note:

A transportable item or items owned and maintained, on behalf of the public, by local, regional or national government organizations.

Scope note:

A collection of cultural objects owned and maintained, on behalf of the public, by local, regional or national government organizationsand accessible to the general public.

Scope note:

The artistic cultural heritage belonging to an individual nation and representing its historical aesthetic identity.

Scope note:

That area of the coast owned and maintained by the state on behalf of the public.

Scope note:

That area of the sea under the jurisdiction of a state and traditionally within a distance of three miles from the low-water mark on the shore (although this distance has been extended by many states to 12 miles, under the Montego Bay Convention of 1982 ).

Scope note:

The ground under the sea also known as the ocean floor.

Scope note:

The underwater heritage belonging to and forming part of a nationês cultural inheritance

Scope note:

Items, usually objects, areas of land or buildings, in the ownership of the State.

Scope note:

Property which is owned, administered or used by the members of the Monarchy. The concept also designates present and past rulers and their estate regardless of its current legal regulations.

Scope note:

The conveyance of the ownership of buildings or property from one owner to another.

Scope note:

The annexation and sequestration, of an object, building or piece of land, by an act of law.

Scope note:

A statutory legal procedure enabling the purchase of land or property, against the wishes of its current owner.

Scope note:

Exceptional methods of payment in which the debtor, to satisfy the creditor, (to carry out the obligation) supplies a different thing than that which was the subject of the obligation. Example: to pay in kind (by the transfer of the ownership of a property or delivery of goods) what was due in money.

Scope note:

Edicts preventing a person or organization from exchanging an object or piece of property for money.

Scope note:

Gifts to a charity, fund, organization or individual.

Scope note:

Gifts or legacies normally given to an organization in the form of money or goods.

Scope note:

Actions or the act of giving or agreeing to give, something to a person or organization in exchange for money.

Scope note:

Right recognized in certain cases to the administration, and certain organizations of private law achieving a mission of public utility, to acquire the property of a good during its alienation by preference with very an other purchaser.

Scope note:

Any action or activity which is deemed to be against the law

Scope note:

The act and action of stealing works of art, whether in private or public ownership.

Scope note:

An act or action by a person or group trading or trafficking in something of an illicit or disreputable nature.

Scope note:

Interventions carried out on a cultural item without a licence, or with deviations from the licence.

Scope note:

The illicit destruction, of a building, monument or edifice.

Scope note:

Considered to be any act or omission that threatens the loss or destruction of any or all of the assets included in the cultural heritage.

Scope note:

The illicit taking of other people's property

Scope note:

Actions related to the organization, direction, stimulation or direct action on the heritage on the part of people or organizations.

Scope note:

Different types of action on the heritage.

Scope note:

Safeguarding the cultural heritage, whether an object, a building or an area, in the widest sense and by means of legal protection, rehabilitation, material conservation, security, presentation, etc.

Scope note:

Modification of the characteristics of an existing part of a cultural property or its elements due to conscious interventions.

Scope note:

The demolition or destruction of any type of cultural property.

Scope note:

Different types of actions required to prolong the life of cultural heritage and, if possible, to clarify the artistic or historical messages therein without the loss of authenticity and meaning. A cultural, artistic, technical and craft activity based on humanistic studies and systematic research.

Scope note:

Procedures and resources to maintain a cultural property or item and to avoid its deterioration.

Scope note:

To assure the survival, use and adaptation of a monument or place, for the benefit of society, forming part of the environment, whether natural or man-made (EC).

Scope note:

Conservation of a cultural property to maintain it in its present condition and to avoid its deterioration by regular interventions.

Scope note:

Conservation activity dealing with the direct intervention on cultural items which have suffered any kind of deterioration. It involves the application of any necessary treatments in order to allow the survival of a cultural item and to rectify any damage.

Scope note:

The methods and resources used to preserve the structural stability of a cultural item

Scope note:

The methods used to reproduce a cultural property which has been destroyed, or is incomplete, utilising the remains and information which one has.

Scope note:

A specialism concerned with designing parks and gardens and the planning and preservation of the natural environment.

Scope note:

Direct or indirect actions affecting the use or the appearance of any element pertaining to the material remains of the past.

Scope note:

Activities related to the study and conservation of the remains of the past.

Scope note:

Activities undertaken in a systematic way and according to a specific methodology intended to improve scientific knowledge relating to the archaeological remains of the past.

Scope note:

Excavations on the surface, the subsoil or underwater made with the purpose of discovering all kinds of historical or paleontological remains, as well as the geological elements which are dependent there.

Scope note:

An excavation undertaken to record an archaeological site or monument prior to its destruction by development or natural causes.

Scope note:

Activities intended to locate, investigate and value archeological sites in order to document them before executing any kind of works or to preserve them.

Scope note:

A plan or programme of activity dealing with work to be undertaken on an archaeological site or monument.

Scope note:

Specific excavations (by manual or mechanical means) intended to verify the existence, and understand the nature and extent, of archaeological sites.

Scope note:

The use of specialist equipment to identify the existence of metallic objects in sub-surface deposits.

Scope note:

Discovery of objects or material remains deemed to be significant or important with regards to the cultural heritage.

Scope note:

Discovery of objects or material remains deemed to be significant or important with regards to the cultural heritage which have taken place by chance or as a result of any other type of earthmovings, demolitions or works of any kind

Scope note:

Archaeological activities developed to cover the investigation/research or management requirements related to the archaeological heritage on a certain area.

Scope note:

Surface or underwater exploration, without excavations, intended for the study, the search or the examination of data on all types of historical or paleontological vestiges, as of the geological elements which are dependent there.

Scope note:

Archaeological activities carried out when archaeological remains, the existence of which was previously unknown or had not been foreseen, are found during the development of works.

Scope note:

Direct or indirect activities that affect the function and/or appearance of some element pertaining to the built heritage.

Scope note:

Direct or indirect activities that affect the operation and/or the appearance of a building as a whole or a part thereof.

Scope note:

An increase in the height or an extension to the layout of a building

Scope note:

Action to build or construct houses, streets, bridges, etc, according to precise technical rules and with materials best adapted to each case.

Scope note:

The structural adaptation of a building or monument to restore its usability. The new structure is usually used for a different purpose than originally intended, for example, a barn converted into a house.

Scope note:

Action to demolish or to destroy a building or any manmade structure.

Scope note:

Action to demolish or to destroy a part of a building or any manmade structure.

Scope note:

Exclusive conservation of the facade of a building with the object of maintaining the appearance of a determined urban zone.

Scope note:

Set of directed activities to extend the knowledge of the architectural aspects of a building or monument.

Scope note:

Investigation into, and the recording of, a building's structure and development. It may include desk-based assessment and documentary research as well as physical investigation, often using archaeological techniques.

Scope note:

The construction of a new building to complement an existing building, usually in a different style. Examples include the Pyramid at the Louvre or the Great Court at the British Museum.

Scope note:

To give a new use to any cultural property or item with the purpose of guaranteeing its conservation

Scope note:

Direct or indirect activities affecting the function and/or the appearance of a city as a whole or a part thereof.

Scope note:

Anyone of the types of plans defined in the city-planning legislation destined to define the use of the ground and the intensity of the construction in a certain population with the purpose of achieving an adapted distribution of the urban activities.

Scope note:

Intervention in an area of a city, which has become rundown or disused, with the objective of improving the infrastructure, equipment and the services in order to make the area more attractive and encourage the population to return.

Scope note:

Intervention in a part of the city with the objective of replacing older buildings with new ones.

Scope note:

Intervention in a part of the city, generally pertaining to the historical centre, consistent not only in the improvement of the constructed elements and urban infrastructure, but also in the conservation of the developed urban functions and in the social groups that live there.

Scope note:

Any type of intervention during the construction or the restoration of a building.

Scope note:

Work aiming at equipping a space or a building with the elements and conditions necessary so that it can fulfill the function for which it was conceived or for which it is intended.

Scope note:

Work making it possible to rectify a critical situation representing a danger to the people or to avoid the deterioration or possible destruction of a a cultural property.

Scope note:

Interventions allowing the conservation and maintenance of a building to avoid its deterioration.

Scope note:

Directed works intended to reproduce a destroyed incomplete cultural property or item making use of the information or remains which one has.

Scope note:

Work completed to restore a cultural property or item in its former, supposed or real state.

Scope note:

Directives or directions that govern the direct or indirect activities relating to the heritage

Scope note:

The framework and direct or indirect action plan intended for the conservation of a cultural property and to avoid its deterioration.

Scope note:

A group of measures and/or actions aimed at avoiding any pollution and its effects on people and property.

Scope note:

Ordered projects of activities and operations to carry out any type of actions relating to the heritage.

Scope note:

Programmes of activities and operations intended to preserve the heritage.

Scope note:

Programmes of activities and directed operations to restore a cultural property to its previous state.

Scope note:

A group of documents (written and graphic) that brings together all the means of action allowing to put in service and to improve a building or part of a city in a state of abandonment or deterioration.

Scope note:

Program and calendar of the actions to be achieved before undertaking a given intervention.

Scope note:

All that is used to act directly or indirectly on the heritage.

Scope note:

Study preliminary to the realization of work or orders which, because of their importance, their extent or their effects, can have consequences on the environment. The impact study makes it possible to evaluate these consequences, to put forward measures to attenuate them or cancel them, to appreciate the validity of the project, to inform the public and to help the authorities in their decision-making.

Scope note:

Data and information gathered, classified and processed before working out a program or project and undertaking a concrete action.

Scope note:

Directed activities to ensure a follow-up or supervision of the different actions on the heritage.

Scope note:

Process of examination, control or follow-up of the interventions on the heritage.

Scope note:

Techniques of archaeological and architectural research that do not cause any physical changes in their subject, for example aerial photography and photogrammetric survey.

Scope note:

Activities undertaken in a systematic way according to a given methodology and intended to improve knowledge.

Scope note:

Advice given by a person, or group of specialists, on a technical subject which they are knowledgable in.

Scope note:

Determination of the date or period to which a certain cultural property or item belongs.

Scope note:

The usual and permanent activities which develop the members of a profession within the framework of the diversification and the specialization of work, as authorized members or abilities to do it.

Scope note:

Specialists in the study of the material remains of the human past.

Scope note:

Professionals who have undergone specialist training qualifiying them to practice architecture as a career

Scope note:

Architects responsible for advising persons wishing to construct buildings.

Scope note:

Persons holding qualifications from an architectural college and exercising the profession of architect on a self-employed basis.

Scope note:

Architects working in public services.

Scope note:

Professionals who take care of all the aspects of the preservation of cultural property: preventive conservation, examination, documentation, treatment, investigation and education.

Scope note:

Persons conducting guided tours, often in the language of the visitors in question, and interpreting the cultural and natural heritage of a specified geographical area (a monument, a town and its surrounding area or a region).

Scope note:

Specialists in the study and design of parks and gardens, and in the planning and conservation of the natural surroundings. They participate in the arrangement of the landscape and the creation of surroundings in which the buildings and the plants coexist. They know the historical development the landscape and the urban areas, and the techniques to recover and to reconstitute historical gardens.

Scope note:

Specialists who record in detail and delineate the surface of a land, creating maps and plans.

Scope note:

Professionals responsible for the examination, diagnosis, treatment and documentation of all the processes implied in the restoration of a cultural property or item.

Scope note:

Technical experts who provide opinions and advice in specific fields.

Scope note:

People or organizations consulted for opinions on situations requiring technical knowledge and complex investigations.

Scope note:

People who practice an art or activity of a manual or non-industrialized manner, thus producing work of a personal nature.

Scope note:
Scope note:

Professional activities of all the experts involved in the construction industry, from the architects to the bricklayers, carpenters, stonecutters, etc.

Scope note:

Specific skills acquired by professionals who have undergone specific training to allow them to take part in the investigation, conservation and dissemination of the cultural heritage.

Scope note:

Specific skills relating to traditional working practices, such as carpentry or masonry, which have played an important part in the cultural and artistic heritage.

Scope note:

Specific skills acquired by an individual enabling them to work in traditional crafts and create objects

Scope note:

Intellectual and professional preparation to acquire certain skills and abilities.

Scope note:

Systems of preparation of the different professions according to the duration and level of the studies, degree of specialization, official and/or obligatory nature, the training centres, etc.

Scope note:

Process by means of which practical skills, abilities and theory are acquired in order for a craftsman or specialist to practice their profession.

Scope note:

Specialized training that combines theoretical and practical knowledge on the work of conservation and provides competence in the traditional techniques as well as in the new technologies.

Scope note:

Continuous training for the update of knowledge of the professionals by means of specialized courses, meetings of specialists and exchange of information and experiences with other colleagues.

Scope note:

Focussed training to equip professionals involved in the conservation, restoration, documentation and dissemination of the cultural heritage, with the necessary skills to undertake their work.

Scope note:

The system of education taught in the universities within the faculties and technical schools. It includes the three cycles of superior education: diplomas, degrees and postgraduate qualifications.

Scope note:

Basic training relating to professional activities and working practices.

Scope note:

Ability acquired from the experience of working within a profession

Scope note:

Organizations that promote, manage and supply a variety of training courses, dedicated to the technical and scientific improvement of professionals working in the cultural heritage sector.

Scope note:

Courses of a set duration designed to transmit theoretical and practical knowledge to allow practitioners to carry out productive professional activities.

Scope note:

Set of training activities offered by an organization in the form of courses, residential stays, day schools, etc. directed at different groups and at varied levels of specialization.

Scope note:

Strategies for the dissemination of information concerning the heritage designed to allow the public to know, to understand and to value it, as well as to become aware of the importance of its protection and conservation for the benefit of society.

Scope note:

A procedure used to regulate the visitorsê access to a cultural heritage property in order to maintain its material preservation.

Scope note:

The public has the right to the benefit of heritage, as well as the right to understand it, appreciate it and to contribute to its conservation, and the public institutions must facilitate that approach, as far as possible, in a free and equal way.

Scope note:

The process which allows the public access to cultural items, whether buildings, sites or objects.

Scope note:

Actions that allow the public to discover, understand and better appreciate the heritage of a place through the use of interpretation displays "in situ" or in the case of the contextualization of objects in museum presentations. Visits can be made for either leisure or educational purposes.

Scope note:

A count of the number of visitors to a given site or monument. This, along with other information can help in devising strategies to increase visitor numbers by targeting specific audiences

Scope note:

Open days in which it is possible for members of the public to visit sites, buildings and monuments for free. They also allow access to sites which are usually closed to the public or where works of restoration are taking place

Scope note:

Open days created on the initiative of the Council of Europe in 1991 to raise public awareness of the importance of the conservation of the European cultural heritage. They usually focus on buildings and monuments which are not usually open to the public.

Scope note:

Educational action based on the cultural heritage that incorporates active educational methods with an interdisciplinary approach, associating the fields of education and culture, and using a vast variety of ways of communication and expression.

Scope note:

Educational and cultural activities that, in the field of the heritage, try to provoke or to develop an awareness of the subject in school pupils allowing them to better understand the heritage both in the classroom and in the outside world.

Scope note:

Set of resources that contain the pertinent explanations to seat the knowledge on the patrimony that is tried to transmit with the actions or made activities.

Scope note:

Detailed organization of the knowledge that can be acquired and the activities that are going away to make so that the learning takes place.

Scope note:

Heritage class is a theoretical and/or practical course offered to students at various levels with the intention of introducing and promoting a monument or site and the topic of heritage in general.

Scope note:
Scope note:

Tourism orientated towards a special cultural interest (e.g. World Heritage site), also referred to as quality tourism.

Scope note:

Set of actions and means intended to support tourism and present the heritage as attraction and the motivation for visiting a site of the visit.

Scope note:

Itineraries that, through the heritage of the places visited, promote the understanding of the diversity of European culture, and show the extent of the principal trends of civilization in the visited places.

Scope note:

Set of activities and cultural or natural resources relating to a place that generates the demand for tourism: natural spaces, cultural monuments, celebrations, acts, museums, exhibitions, historical centres, gastronomy, etc.

Scope note:

Signs, indicators and labels that provide the necessary directions and information for visitors, to enable them to understand their surroundings.

Scope note:

The dissemination of information relating to the interpretations of the heritage, generated by specialists as a result of their research. Usually by means of printed publication or through communication with other professionals or the public.

Scope note:

Information collated and issued in various forms such as books, newspapers reports, and more recently websites.

Scope note:

Publications that contain information on a given subject in a style and language which is easily understood by members of the general public.

Scope note:

Publications that contain information, on a given subject generated as a result of research, in a style and language intended to be understood by a specialist community and not usually for dissemination to the general public.

Scope note:

Buildings, equipment and services which are made available for the development and practice of cultural activities.

Scope note:

Institutions opened to the public whose aim is the organization and dissemination of a varied range of cultural activities.

Scope note:

Reference centres usually located within a site, building, park, etc. where visitors can get information relating to the interpretation of the heritage of the surrounding area and placing the site in context

Scope note:

Repositories, usually for written material in the form of books, newspapers etc. but also containing audio-visual material, which specialists and members of the public can visit to find out information

Scope note:

Permanent institutions, usually non-profit making and open to the public, which acquire, conserve, exhibit and conduct research into the material evidence of people and their environment for the purposes of education and enjoyment.

Scope note:

Museums that display cultural items in their own surroundings and depict the way people used to live using re-enactments of activities and crafts.

Scope note:

Museums dedicated to an individual site or a specific subject

Scope note:

Graphical presentation of the information necessary to orient, to guide, and to inform visitors about a specific site or locality.

Scope note:
Scope note:

Group of tangible cultural activities (theatrical presentations, concerts, open days, festivals, exhibitions, etc.) directed at a specific audience.

Scope note:

Activities of any nature related to the culture used for the intellectual and social growth of the people.

Scope note:

Public presentations of objects with cultural value that allow the public to discover more about the cultural heritage by means of the interpretation the exhibits.

Scope note:

The recreation of historic events or activities undertaken in an attempt to understand the past. They can consist of organized activities, games or theatrical presentations that recreate the context of a specific historical event or period.

Scope note:

Promotion of the consideration of the cultural heritage as something unique and of irreplaceable value. The education of the public in the defence and protection of the heritage by bringing them into contact with cultural heritage items so that they learn to respect and value them.

Scope note:

Activities intended to promote the understanding of, and enthusiasm for, the heritage among members of the public, and designed to improve the quality of the recreational experience, inspiring in them a greater respect for the heritage.

Scope note:

Groups of activities designed to increase awareness, amongst the general public, of the important work being carried out in the field of heritage.

Scope note:

A programme of activities of various natures (publications, exhibitions, demonstrations etc.) aimed at increasing public understanding of the heritage. of various nature aiming at sensitizing the public for a better knowledge of the inheritance.

Scope note:

Campaigns aimed at informing the public of the extent and wealth of the cultural heritage; the dangers that threaten it and the cultural, economic and social reasons that justify its protection.

Scope note:

Various activities aimed at demonstrating the role and significance of the cultural-historical heritage through its contemporary interpretation, with the purpose of raising public awareness, and making the preservation of this heritage more effective.

Scope note:

Covers terms covering economic and finance related activities, for example ayudas pìblicas.

Scope note:

Recompense, frequently in a monetary form, to substitute an injured party for loss, damage or injury

Scope note:

The process of overseeing the management and budgeting of money, often within organizations.

Scope note:

The inability of an individual or organization to fulfill a financial obligation

Scope note:

The provision of money for a project or projects usually from a provisionally wide range of sources.

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The provision of support for a project, usually in monetary form through immediate and targeted funding.

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The provision of money in order for a specific task or enterprise to be executed.

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Sums of money provided by private or public bodies to pay for specific scientific or cultural research.

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Sums of money set aside for a particular purpose, task or undertaking.

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Sums of money used to pay for work which needs to be carried out on a cultural item

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Sums of money usually lent to an organization or individual often with a set rate of interest.

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Sums of money usually required for the repair and structural upkeep of buildings.

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The provision of funds for a project, concern or undertaking which is financed by individuals or consortia from non-public sources.

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The sums of money expended on a project, task or undertaking paid for by local, regional or national government.

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The provision of money, often as an additional source to the main body of money, for a specific task or enterprise to be undertaken.

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The sums of money expended by the state for services not in the private sector.

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The money spent by the government to fund a specific undertaking or project.

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The provision of support for a project, usually in monetary form through immediate and targeted funding from a government department.

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The process by which an individual or group can obtain support, usually monetary, for an undertaking or enterprise, by canvassing potential clients, and the process by which those clients can provide that support.

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An undertaking to provide security or protection against hurt, damage or loss.

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Sums of money payable as a legal requirement to sign up for a specific transaction.

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Sums of money, usually payable for finds of major public, scientific or cultural interest.

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Contributions to the revenue of the state levied by National and Local Government bodies on people, businesses, commodities and property.

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The rules and regulations governing the inheritance of property

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Taxes relating to inherited property levied on individual beneficiaries.

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A tax or levy on most goods or consumables and a form of indirect taxation.

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Concessions given by the state to encourage private sector activity.

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The cancellation of all tax payable on a good or service

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The cancelling of part of the direct tax due.

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General concepts related to heritage, for example archaeology.

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The systematic discipline of the study of the past through information and artefacts derived from terrestrial and underwater excavation, fieldwork and survey.

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The branch of archaeology dealing with the study of the remains of industrial sites and monuments in order to reconstruct the human past related to the industrial production.

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The branch of archaeology dealing with the study of the human past through the survey, excavation and salvage of underwater sites and wrecks.

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The possibility that a site or area of the landscape may contain archaeological remains.

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The art and science of designing and constructing buildings taking both aesthetic and practical matters into account.

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New architecture designed to respect the architecture of historic buildings already present in an area. The new building may be constructed using similar building materials or in a style sympathetic to the surrounding buildings

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Traditional architecure encompassing buildings built along simple, well-tried forms in local materials, usually without the aid of an architect. Vernacular architecture normally falls within three categories: agricultural, domestic and industrial.

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The commonly understood historical and cultural concepts shared by a people, social or ethnic group or institution.

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The act of individuals or groups working together, often to achieve common goals.

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A written arrangement made between people or institutions to work together to achieve a common goal.

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People or institutions from different states working together to achieve common goals relating to cultural matters.

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People or institutions working together to achieve common goals in the European geographical area.

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People or institutions from different countries working together to achieve common goals.

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The communication and sharing of experiences between cultural groups.

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The manner in which separate ethnic, social, religious, political, economic, or linguistic groups or institutions perceive their individual differences as represented by their heritage, customs and cultural experiences or practices.

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The differences apparent between diverse cultural groups, resulting from separate ethnic, social, religious, political, economic or linguistic backgrounds.

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The political agenda of a government or institution in relation to the heritage, customs and cultural experiences or practices of its people or members.

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The external conditions affecting life on the planet.

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The preservation of cultural heritage for the benefit and enjoyment of future generations.

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The political agenda of a government or institution in defining its position on the conservation of cultural heritage.

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The utilisation of land for human activities, for example, habitation, agriculture or industrial purposes.

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Widespread disasters caused by natural phenomena, for example floods or earthquakes.

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Relationships established for the equal and mutual benefit of the parties concerned.

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Buildings or edifices of a ceremonial, recreational or civic nature paid for and designed to be used by and for the benefit of the general public.

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The particular standards of judgement on which an informed opinion can be based and decisions taken.

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Development that ensures that present-day society is able to meet its own requirements, for example with regards to town and country planning, without depleting resources or degrading the environment for future generations.

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Work undertaken by an organization or individual without money or other considerations beign given or promised in return